Demystifying Lab Automation: A Guide To The Past, Present & Future

Last week, a curious inquiry popped up in our Instagram comments:

“What do you mean by lab automation?”


Which is a fair question, especially for a magazine with extensively covers Lab Automation.

To us the term “lab automation” is broad, encompassing a diverse array of products and applications across various fields. But it’s crucial to clarify what we envisage when we discuss this transformative concept.

The Origins of Lab Automation

The journey of lab automation began in the early 1950s, primarily focusing on automating singular tasks. The introduction of the AutoAnalyzer by Leonard Skeggs marked a significant milestone in clinical chemistry by automating wet chemistry tests. However, these were the days of standalone systems with limited integration and sophistication.

First automatic wet chemistry analyser from 1957 (Wiki Commons)

The landscape began to change in the 1970s and 1980s, thanks to the emergence of robotics and advancements in manufacturing and computer technology. The introduction of the first robotic arm in laboratories (1980s Kochi Medical School) and the development of the first Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) (1982) marked the dawn of a new era. These innovations brought about better sample management, comprehensive data handling, and the possibility of the automation of complex laboratory tasks.

Presently Automated

Today, lab automation sits at the forefront of may technological advancements, characterised by:

  1. Robotic Arms and Liquid Handling Systems: These systems undertake tasks with unparalleled precision and speed, significantly outperforming human capabilities.
  2. Microplate Readers and Washers: Crucial for high-throughput screening, these devices are indispensable in fields like pharmaceuticals and biotechnology.
  3. Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS): These sophisticated software systems ensure meticulous sample tracking, seamless data management, and strict regulatory compliance.
  4. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): The integration of these technologies into lab automation is revolutionising equipment maintenance, experimental design, and data analysis.

The influence of automation in laboratories is undeniable, minimising human error, maximising throughput, and ensuring the reproducibility and scalability of experiments. Its utility spans across various domains, including but not limited to drug discovery, genomics, and clinical diagnostics.

Challenging Automation

However, lab automation is not devoid of challenges. The steep initial costs, the intricacies of system integration, and the requirement for skilled personnel for software management pose significant barriers. Additionally, the increasing reliance on cloud-based systems has escalated concerns regarding data security and privacy.

Automating the Future

Looking ahead, the horizon of lab automation is replete with promising trends and innovations, including:

  1. Miniaturisation and Microfluidics: This shift towards smaller, more efficient systems is set to make automation more accessible and sustainable.
  2. Enhanced Integration with AI and ML: These technologies are not just streamlining operations but are also instrumental in predictive maintenance and experimental optimisation.
  3. Advancements in 3D Printing: The potential of on-demand lab equipment production through 3D printing could significantly reduce costs and democratise access to lab automation.
  4. Remote and Cloud-Based Laboratories: The pandemic has accelerated the trend towards remote lab operations, a shift that is likely to persist and expand.
  5. Ethical AI and Robust Data Privacy: As AI’s role in lab automation grows, ensuring its ethical application and safeguarding data privacy remain paramount.

Lab automation is a testament to the intersection of scientific curiosity and technological innovation. It has evolved from simple task automation to growing into a cornerstone of modern scientific inquiry and diagnostics. As we write more about its future, it’s not only the technological advances that will shape its trajectory but also the thoughtful consideration of ethical, practical, and societal implications. The inquiry from our Instagram follower is more than just a question; it’s a prompt to keep talking about what automation is and means. With new developments I feel this is a definition that will change over the coming years.

Staff Writer

Our in-house science writing team has prepared this content specifically for Lab Horizons

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